Javascript Class Methods, Binding and Event Handlers

1 minute read

A typical React component with event handling (say onclick) would look like this:

class Counter extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = { value: 0 }
    this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this)

  handleClick(e) {
      value: (this.state.value + 1)

  render() {
    return (
        <button onClick={this.handleClick}>Click me!</button>

This line: this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this) always intrigued me. It’s just a javascript quirk, not mandated by react. helped explain things better.

So here’s what’s going on:

  • when we mention this.handleClick within the jsx, it’s obvious that we are not calling the function, but just passing the function as a whole, to be called later when the actual event is fired.

  • Within the handleClick function, we are referring the object instance using this. We do this because we need access to the setState method within handleClick.

  • The catch is, when the event does fire, the handleClick will be invoked without any reference to this. It will be just passed as a function, and not as a method of the react object.

  • The solution: this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this) fixes this because it binds handleClick to the react object once and for all. So wherever the function is passed, it will always be run in the context of the react object. So things will work as expected.

Before knowing this, I was confused and had this question: If handleClick is not bound to this, then how did we get access to it using this? Like this: this.handleClick.bind(this). Now I understand. Within the context of the class, handleClick is bound. It’s only for the sake of the event handler we do this dance.

Of course, we could avoid this using arrow functions for handleClick as it takes the encompassing function’s this for itself.